A new species of tapir from the Amazon

Cozzuol, Mario A and Clozato, Camila L and Holanda, Elizete C and Rodrigues, Flavio H and Nienow, Samuel and De Thoisy, Benoit and Redondo, Rodrigo A and Santos, Fabricio R (2013) A new species of tapir from the Amazon. Journal of Mammalogy, 94 (6). 1331 -1345 . ISSN 00222372

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1644/12-MAMM-A-169.1


All known species of extant tapirs are allopatric: 1 in southeastern Asia and 3 in Central and South America. The fossil record for tapirs, however, is much wider in geographical range, including Europe, Asia, and North and South America, going back to the late Oligocene, making the present distribution a relict of the original one. We here describe a new species of living Tapirus from the Amazon rain forest, the 1st since T. bairdii Gill, 1865, and the 1st new Perissodactyla in more than 100 years, from both morphological and molecular characters. It is shorter in stature than T. terrestris (Linnaeus, 1758) and has distinctive skull morphology, and it is basal to the clade formed by T. terrestris and T. pinchaque (Roulin, 1829). This highlights the unrecognized biodiversity in western Amazonia, where the biota faces increasing threats. Local peoples have long recognized our new species, suggesting a key role for traditional knowledge in understanding the biodiversity of the region.

Item Type: Article
DOI: 10.1644/12-MAMM-A-169.1
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiversity, Amazon, cladistics, genetics morphometry, new species, Tapirus
Subjects: 500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology > 576 Genetics and evolution
Research Group: Bollback Group
SWORD Depositor: Sword Import User
Depositing User: Sword Import User
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2018 10:18
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2018 10:18
URI: https://repository.ist.ac.at/id/eprint/940

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